Epilepsy is a disease that is usually hereditary that can prevent the animal from having a normal quality of life. It is not a disability, but it is true that you have to have it well controlled to be able to act as quickly as possible in case of an epileptic attack.
In this article we explain how to know if my dog has epilepsy, and what to do if you have an attack.
What causes epilepsy in dogs?
Epilepsy, as we said, is considered hereditary, that is, it passes from parents to children. In addition, there are several races that have a higher incidence, such as the German Shepherd, the Saint Bernard, the Beagle, the Irish Setter and the French Poodle, but It must be clear that any dog of any breed can have this problem.
If the dog has ingested toxic substances, or if it has a metabolic or electrolyte imbalance, it may have seizures, but it is not considered epilepsy.
Epileptic seizures in dogs
When a dog has an epilepsy attack, what will happen is the following:
- You will enter a phase called aura, during which you will feel very uneasy.
- Then, you will enter the phase called ictus, during which you will suffer seizures. You will lose consciousness and shake your limbs> How to act?
If your friend has epileptic seizures, it is very important that you lay him on a comfortable surface (such as a mattress), in an area where he cannot harm himself. In no case should you try to stick your tongue out, or hold your head, as it could be very dangerous for him.
When the attack is over, let it recover in a quiet place. And of course, It is convenient to go to the vet to put the most appropriate treatment.
Epilepsy in dogs is a problem that must be treated by a professional. Do not let it pass.
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When the dog suffers an epileptic attack, the owners must remain calm, put the animal to bed, not try to stick his tongue out and wait until he recovers. (Photo: Monique Wüstenhagen / mag / dpa)
How to tell if your dog is epileptic
The disease is not easy to detect. Here we give you some clues but the vet is the one who will diagnose it.
Animals may suffer from epilepsy. It is even one of the most common diseases of the central nervous system in dogs. However, the symptoms are not always visible, especially when the seizures only affect individual parts of the body and that is why many times the owners do not realize that their pet is having an epileptic attack.
Depending on the affected area, the symptoms vary: they can range from tremors or muscle contractions in some part of the body to generalized seizures and loss of consciousness.
Usually, before a seizure the animal is more restless, salivate and salivate and bark more. The epileptic attack suddenly begins with a stiff muscles. Dogs fall to the ground with their legs extended and lose consciousness. The owners cannot do anything at this time and mostly after two minutes everything is over.
Tired and groggy
After the epileptic attack, most dogs are exhausted and dizzy, and many still suffer hours after some neurological deficit.
During the seizures the owners must remain calm, put the dog down, not try to stick his tongue out and wait until he recovers.
Especially dogs that have several seizures in one day suffer a lot. In addition, these attacks can cause permanent brain damage.
The precise diagnosis
It is important to take the pet to the veterinarian. Through an MRI or computed tomography the specialist can detect if for example the cause of epilepsy is due to a brain tumor.
It is also possible that the dog suffers from a genetic epilepsy, as found in the Rhodesian Ridgeback breed. While genetic epilepsies are not curable, there are remedies that can control seizures and mitigate them.
With optimal therapy, most dogs can live as long as any other healthy animal. But it can take several weeks to find the right dose.