Scabies in cats and dogs It is one of the best known parasitic diseasesBut do you really know what it means and how it manifests? Scabies is produced specifically by a mite. However, there are several species and they produce different symptoms of scabies in cats! Let's see what they are.
Symptoms of scabies in cats
All Cats, regardless of race and regardless of age and other factors, they can get scabies. This mite is transmitted by direct contact with another sick animal or with objects that it has used, such as toys, blankets or dishes, as well as sandboxes.
The main symptoms of scabies in cats are:
- Restlessness, the cat does not sit still or sleep because of the discomfort caused by mites.
- Itchy ears and head, which are usually the most affected areas. He licks and scratches without stopping trying to relieve him.
- Scabies is characterized by causing alopecia in cats, hair falls out in areas where the parasite has settled. In addition, insistent scratching favors hair loss.
- Redness and inflammation in the skin.
- By not stopping scratching and licking, the cat ends up causing wounds and scabs, which also become easily infected.
- If it's otic scabies, the cat expels large amounts of unpleasant odor wax and dark color. If it is severe, there may be hemorrhages, otitis and even perforations in the eardrum.
Treatment of scabies in cats
If you see these symptoms of mange in cats in your pet, It is very important that you go to your veterinarian as soon as possible. If you do not get rapid treatment, the parasites will invade the animal more and more, putting your health in serious danger.
The main treatment options for scabies in cats are:
- Pipettes. It is usually applied once a month externally and helps keep the scabies mite at bay, as well as other parasites.
- Tablets consumed orally.
- Injectable ampoules.
- Repellent Sprays, special shampoos, ear drops ... There are many options for topical use to prevent and treat scabies mite invasions in cats.
If the diagnosis of scabies is confirmed and depending on the severity, The veterinarian will recommend the most appropriate option for the specific case of your pet.
Anyway, remember: The best against mange in cats is prevention! Always keep your cat well dewormed and will be protected.
How does it affect cats?
It can basically affect you in two ways or in two places, in the almost whole body skin, especially in the head and stomach, or in the ears. Scabies that appear on the skin is called scaly scabies, and the one that occurs in the ears or outer ear is Scabies in the ear.
Scabies on the skin causes it to flake, hence in its name. This type of scabies is sometimes confused with dandruff. It usually occurs in the head of kittens, although it can appear on the sides or the entire back.
Scabies in the ears is quite common, almost all cats usually suffer it at some time.
Our kittens when they suffer they start scratching eagerly, hurting themselves. Later they start to get sad and even stop eating, starting to lose weight drastically. It is a dangerous disease because if it is not treated properly our kittens run the risk of dying.
Cats suffering from scabies, as a rule have the irritated skin, with redness and somewhat inflamed. In some areas, the hair may have dropped considerably or only slightly, and the skin where the alopecia has spread may bleed.
This is more typical near and inside the ear, in the belly and near the genitals. What's more, a cat with scabies can have coat spots caused by the disease. In the most severe cases you can even see the mite larvae, being yellowish orange.
Its most obvious symptoms are:
- Hair loss begins. It usually starts around the ears and can be extended to the face and neck of our cat. Even if it is serious it can reach legs and under the abdomen.
- Itching occurs. The affected skin turns red and in what we commonly call "in live meat." We observe changes in the skin. The skin where scabies has passed becomes more fragile, thinner and wrinkled.
- Scabs begin to come out. Cats scratch because of itching and clean, causing scabs that can become infected. They are yellowish. They can swell lymph nodes. You should check that your cat does not have them inflamed, running his hand through the neck, shoulders, armpits, back, abdomen and inside of the knees.
Irritated, red and inflamed skin, scabies symptoms
How is it spread?
It is spread from the skin, that is mostly with the physical contact, but sometimes direct rubbing is not even necessary, it is simply enough to be close to an infected person for contagion to occur.
Therefore, if your cat is in contact with stray cats, or with dogs that may have it, or even simply wrap your cat with a blanket that was previously able to wrap a cat that does not know for sure if it was a carrier or not of the mite , can be infected.
Sometimes even human beings are the ones who spread our own cats, or vice versa.
Scabies treatment and cure
To treat and prevent scabies there are multiple methods. But the best thing is that we go to vet that he is the one who proposes a treatment to us, since they can be to prevent more than to cure, or perhaps our kitten needs something stronger and more aggressive. Only the veterinarian can know what treatment our pussy needs.
The truth is that there are no really effective natural remedies, or that the effect is very noticeable. Neither to prevent them from becoming infected nor of course to cure them. Most of these remedies are the use of essential oils, or extracts of different plants. They usually indicate that you smear the area to be treated or that you wash your cat with water after boiling certain plants. Among these plants are mandarin, lavender, citronella, oregano, pennyroyal, grapefruit, rosemary, etc.
There are different types, such as pipettes, tablets, injectables or shampoos, soaps, sprays, etc. The pipettes are liquid and extend along the cat's back following the line of the spine, starting at the head. The tablets are pills or deworming pills.
The injectables are deworming vaccines, which work very well to keep our cats protected. And shampoos, soaps or sprays are lotions to bathe our cat or to spray its skin and that have a lower efficacy but it helps to be constant and more effective if we also use any of the other methods.
When to consult the veterinarian
When your cat starts to scratch avidly In certain areas, they begin to redden strangely, creating rashes and irritated skin. When in addition to this, the cat starts to lose hair, you should go to the veterinarian to find out if it is scabies, or if it can be any other type of stress or even eating disorder. Especially if your cat no longer eats and plays as before.
What types of scabies affect cats and what parasites produce them?
The ectoparasite that causes scabies is a mite, of which there are several species and subspecies that can affect in different ways. We find mites that dig tunnels into the skin of the affected animal, since they feed on it, and mites that instead of digging into the skin, stay on the surface and feed on keratin.
Focusing on domestic cats, we find that the most common types of scabies are, from more to less affection in felines:
- The notohedral mange, produc>
How is scabies spread in cats?
Scabies is always spread by Contactwith another infected animal with the mites responsible for it, or with objects that the animal can touch or use. Therefore, you should always pay close attention to the contact that our cat may have with other animals that are likely to be infected, either because he lives inside and outside the house (lives in contact with the outside) or because we have an animal already sick in The same house.
In case of detecting that one of our animals has scabies, we must separate the sick animal from the rest and start with your treatment (prescribed by the veterinarian), preventing any garment or your object from passing to other of our animals. Likewise, it will be necessary to disinfect beds, feeders, blankets and toys that may have been infested with mites.
Is scabies in cats spread to humans?
Rarely, this type of mange is spread to humans, except keiletiellosis, which can be passed on to humans even if it affects us more transiently. Thus, when asked if mange in cats is spread to humans, the answer is that, most feline mange not. Only the so-called "walking dandruff" can be spread to people. Likewise, cases of Cat notoedres which have also been infected to humans and dogs.
How to prevent scabies in cats?
A adequate deworming and one quality feed They are the key to preventing mange in cats. Many are the antiparasitic products that act against these mites, both to avoid a possible infestation and to fight it. Thus, we can make use of pipettes, which are of external application. Generally, its application is monthly, but we must follow the instructions in the leaflet of each specific product.
However, the above product is not the only one that can help us prevent mange in cats, since some tablets act against internal and external parasites at the same time, antiparasitic shampoos also have a powerful preventive effect, just like sprays.
Vinegar can be used in multiple ways against these mites due to their antiparasitic effect, their antispetic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. So, we can dilute it in a little water and massage the affected areas With this solution. Of course, we will avoid wounds so as not to cause pain in the animal. On the other hand, we can moisten a sterile gauze in the same solution and pass it through the inside of the ear, if this affected area is seen.
In addition, vinegar is an excellent preventive method against scabies in cats, fleas and ticks. To use it, we must simply mix it with the shampoo, in equal parts, and bathe the animal as usual.
Other remedies to cure scabies in cats
To discover the most recommended home remedies for feline scabies, do not miss this other article: "Home remedies to cure scabies in cats".
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Scabies in cats - Symptoms, treatment and contagion, we recommend that you enter our section of parasitic diseases.
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For a long time there has been a disease that in colloquial terms has been called Sarna, a pathology that occurs in both dogs and cats causing conditions mainly on the skin. There are two types of scabies, which are named according to the type of ГЎcaro that produce them: Demodic scabies (demo canis) and Sarcaptic scabies (sarcoptes scabiei).
The main source of contagion is through direct contact with another pet that suffers from the disease or objects of the same, it should be clarified that it is not the only cause that generates the presentation of the disease, also in pets with a poor immune system or a previous skin condition such as food allergy, hormonal disorder, malnutrition, among others, are prone to infection. During the period of breastfeeding, if the mother is infested, I can contaminate the puppies, or when the pets are under unhealthy conditions of poor hygiene.
Now, of the different types of scabies, these two are the most relevant and present in our furry friends:
- Demodectic mange: It is produced by the dem demcaro demГіdex canis, which is a normal inhabitant of the skin, but when there is a loss of defenses, it reproduces rapidly generating the disease. It has two forms of presentation: Located, very frequent in puppies and usually disappears quickly, presenting lesions, reddened areas and hair loss around eyes and mouth, and the Generalized, It occurs in both puppies and adults, evidencing injuries throughout the body.This type of mange is not contagious to humans
- Sarcaptic Sarna: Its causative agent is Sarcotes scabiei, and it is characterized by being one of the most scabies scabies. It is spread by contact with another animal that is a carrier, although it does not present symptoms. The lesions usually appear initially on the outer edge of the ears, and then extend to the abdomen, chest and elbows. As it generates exaggerated itching, it is often confused with flea infestation.This scabies is highly contagious for humans, so the owner must wear gloves.
The main clinical signs are:
- Itching and burning of the skin
- Redness and inflammation of the skin
- Constant scratching
- Rubbed against objects and the ground for relief
- Stop eating (anorexia)
- Great weight loss
- Loss and weakening of hair with areas completely without fur
- Skin rashes (red spots)
- Skin scales
- Wounds and skin sores
- Bad skin smell
- Dry, crusty and thick skin in the most advanced stages of scabies
If you get to observe any of these signs, you should immediately go to the veterinarian, to perform the appropriate diagnostic tests, which for this type of diseases, mainly it is a skin scraping, to determine the presence of the mite, and thus proceed to proper treatment.
Regarding the treatment, this is addressed according to the type of scabies, it should be taken into account that it is extending, but it is important that it be terminated without interruptions. It usually consists of typical or oral use, baths with products that help minimize injuries, anti-inflammatories and some specific medication if there is secondary contamination by bacteria or fungi.
Learn to prevent it:
- Maintain good hygiene of your pet and its surroundings.
- Avoid contact with hairy people who may suffer from the disease, just as if you suspect that your hairy is suffering from the pathology, do not let him be in contact with other pets.
- Keep up to date deworming and vaccinations.
- The reappearances of the disease are very common, therefore the treatment should be carried out until the end, along with the reviews with the veterinarian until you are sure that the Ўcaro has disappeared completely.
- Disinfection of both pets that could have been in contact and all objects (bed, blankets, feeder, etc)
- Provide a good and adequate food so that he and his immune system remain healthy.