At a minimum, one visit a year with the animal doctor is essential
- Author: By EVA SAN MARTÍN
- Publication date: March 27, 2018
The dog or cat should go to the veterinarian once a year. But animal doctors advise more frequent visits, especially when it comes to a puppy or an older dog or feline. The reason? As explained below in this article, the cat and dog years run faster than humans, and veterinary visits can save not only unnecessary scares, but also money.
"A year in the life of a dog or cat can be equivalent to between five or seven years in that of a person, so annual health checks are essential," says veterinarian Alfredo Fernández
When a puppy comes home, there are a number of crucial vaccines that protect the small dog or cat from serious diseases: among them, parvovirus, feline leukemia, distemper or rabies. That is why it is so important not to skip any of these visits to the clinic, says animal doctor Alfredo Fernández, of the Spanish Veterinary College Organization: "Puppies need a very rigorous medical control. It is even advisable to go to the clinic before of the arrival of the animal in the home, to learn what precise care and what its needs are. "
Once the puppy is at home you should not skip the first official visit with your doctor a few days later. This appointment allows you to examine and confirm that you are healthy. In addition, it serves to establish its internal deworming schedule (intestinal worms) and external (fleas, ticks, etc.).
And what about the cleaning habits of the little dog or cat? These first visits can also be used to ask common questions about the hygiene of the new furry family member: how to clean the dog's teeth, how to brush the cat so he likes it or if it is necessary to bathe the pussycat and how. In addition, the puppy can get his health card, as well as its identification by microchip.
So how many veterinary visits does this translate to? Total, a puppy will have to make three to six visits to the veterinarian In the first months of life.
Cats and healthy dogs. more than vaccines
And what happens when the cat or can turns one year old? In a perfect world, the nearly four million cats and more than five million dogs that live in Spain, according to the census of the National Association of Pet Food Manufacturers, they would go to the vet at least once a year. But the reality is that more than half a million cats and dogs will not go to the veterinarian once in 2018, according to the study conducted by the veterinary consultant VMS (Veterinary Management Studies).
"However, veterinary checks are essential to ensure the health of dogs and cats, since they can suffer serious illnesses without their human family knowing how to recognize them in time ", warns Xavier Roura, of the Veterinary Hospital of the Autonomous University of Barcelona, specialist in leishmania and other diseases transmitted by mosquitoes.
Therefore, veterinarians advise to go to the clinic on a regular basis at least once or twice a year. This will serve not only to protect felines and dogs, but also their humans. "The annual veterinary review should be absolutely necessary," Fernandez adds, although it would be better to even go two to four times a year. And explains the reason: "A year in the life of an animal can be equivalent to between five or seven years in that of a person, so annual controls are absolutely essential." Therefore, when a veterinarian asks to see the nine-year-old dog or cat friend every six months, he should not, therefore, missIn human terms, it is equivalent to seeing the doctor once every four or five years.
The responsible possession of dogs and felines, as well as carrying out the annual veterinary reviews that the furry friend needs to be healthy are inescapable guidelines to guarantee the welfare of the animals, experts remember. In addition, although these regular visits imply a disbursement, in the medium and short term, they can mean a saving in the costs of the dog and cat: veterinary controls prevent diseases whose subsequent treatment could be more expensive.
Cat's first visit to the vet
If you have just adopted a cat, either adult or baby, going to the vet is one of the first things you should do. It is advisable, if you do not have other pets at home, is to wait a week for the cat to get used to your presence and feel comfortable during the visit to the doctor. If you have other animals, go as soon as possible or, otherwise, keep the cat separate from the other pets until the review is done, as it could be a carrier of some pathology or parasite.
The first visit to the veterinarian should be done from 7 or 8 weeks. Ideal time to perform the first controls. At 3 months the first vaccines are injected and the booster is applied another 3 months later.
After vaccination and deworming it is advisable to visit the veterinarian every 6 or 12 months to perform a control acknowledgment. Also, we must go whenever we observe abnormal symptoms.
Now that you know what is the frequency with which you should take your cat to the veterinarian, you need to know the basic procedures that must be carried out, as all this will help prevent and detect possible diseases in your cat.
In the first consultation, the veterinarian will consult you basic details about the cat and perform a General Review. After that, it is most likely that the feline will be dewormed. Some veterinarians perform a test before, but most recommend deworming during the first visit, especially if it is a cat that used to live on the street or has been adopted in a shelter.
Before starting the cat vaccination schedule it is advisable to wait a few days, so that the components of these are not affected by the dewormer. The most important vaccine is the trivalent feline or triple feline, because it protects the cat against feline panleukopenia (feline distemper), rhinotracheitis and calicivirosis. About 4 months later the booster of this vaccine is applied and then repeated annually.
When the cat has reached 5 months it is also advisable to apply the vaccine against feline leukemia and at 6 months against the Rage. You should keep in mind that if you have adopted a stray cat and have other animals at home, it is best to ask your veterinarian to perform the necessary tests to rule out feline leukemia and rabies before putting them together in the same space.
What happens during the cat's first visit to the veterinarian?
The first visit to the veterinarian is essential to start forming a bond between the feline and what will be your doctor. The first thing the professional will do will be write down your pet's data, as name, approximate age, origin, feeding or inherited pathologies of the parents, because in this way you will know if you should be aware of any disease in the future.
Afterwards, the veterinarian will proceed to perform a feline general review. He will stop to check his eyes, ears, teeth and his fur for external parasites or signs of wounds. It will auscultate your lungs and your heart, in addition to weighing and measuring it. If you do not know the age of your cat, with these data the veterinarian will be able to give you the approximate.
On this first visit, the dewormer will administer you and determine the best time to start the vaccination application. Also, depending on the status of the cat, it may require that some additional tests be done.
At the end of the visit, they will offer you a primer With all the medical data of your pet that will help you keep track of the preventive measures that have been applied.
When to take a cat to the vet?
Now, we have been talking about when the first visit to the veterinarian should be made and the frequency of vaccine boosters, but this does not mean that your cat should wait until the vaccination year is over if you observe abnormal symptomatology.
In this sense, these are some of the other reasons to go to the veterinarian:
- If you observe external parasites, such as fleas and ticks, in their fur, or internal parasites in their feces, such as larvae.
- If you have been the victim of a blow or trauma that makes it difficult for him to walk or has caused an injury or a bruise.
- If you see what happens one or two days without eating.
- If you notice that your body temperature has dropped or increased abnormally.
- If you observe that bloody urine or you have trouble urinating.
- If you notice that your fur looks disheveled or has stopped grooming.
- If you have vomiting or diarrhea for more than 24 hours.
- If you think it is poisoned or intoxicated.
- If your behavior changes suddenly and for no apparent reason.
Tips for the first visit to the vet
Going to the vet, or just leaving home, can become a traumatic experience for the cat if the necessary provisions are not taken.
In that sense, we recommend:
- Have a animal transpontin.
- Stimulate your cat, days before, to enter the transpontine on your own, either by turning it into a space to play or by hiding prizes in it.
- Use pheromones for cats if you get very nervous during the trip to the office, these should be sprayed around the traspontín.
- To coordinate an appointment with the veterinarian So the cat should spend as little time as possible in the waiting room, since the presence of other animals could make him nervous.
- Scratch the head, chin and ears to convey peace.
- If you notice that you are nervous, address the cat with a slow and loving voice note.
With these tips, the visit will be much easier!
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to When to take the cat to the vet for the first time?, we recommend that you enter our Prevention section.
First visit to the veterinarian
If you plan to adopt a kitten, you should take it as soon as possible to the professional to examine your eyes, limbs, and check your vital signs, and start the vaccination plan that you must continue with the objective of preventing it from contracting such serious diseases as Feline Calicivirosis or Feline Leukemia.
Also, on this first visit you can ask him what treatment you can give him to avoid parasites, both internal (worms) and external (fleas, ticks, mites), as they can seriously harm you.
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In the previous post I told you about the little kitty Just picked up by a friend of ours. In this post we will tell the importance of the first visit to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Once we have the appointment assigned, we will have to move our cat in a trasportín. Remember that veterinarians usually have many dogs and the occasional cat that will also be expected. This environment can make your kitten very nervous and if we carry it in a transport case we will get two things, that does not feel so scared and that does not run away and escape us. Dogs are usually taken to the veterinarian with leashes, cats are not usually taken like this but be careful, if we have seen walking on a leash as if it were a dog. We will not take the cat until we are inside the office and sure that the door is closed.
In that first consultation a history to our cat as well as a control booklet and vaccinations.
The vet will ask us a lot of questions such if you know the cat's parents, if the cat's mother has been a properly vaccinated cat. If the delivery was normal. He will ask us about the food we are giving him as well as if he eats, drinks, and does his needs well.
You will check ears, eyes, teeth. He will weigh it and write down his weight. It will control your heartbeat and breathing.
After petting the cat to reassure him, the veterinarian will feel the abdomen.
The first visit must be made between the first 6 to 8 weeks of life but that is something that will depend on when the cat comes home. It's never too late and it's always good to do it as soon as possible.
After the recognition that, depending on the veterinarian may be deeper or less deep, we will be informed of the cat vaccinations calendar to start with it as well as the calendar of internal deworming
We have already talked about vaccines in cats but it never hurts to remember them.
From 2 - 3 months they get vaccinated with the Trivalent feline.
1 month later, the Trivalent feline reinforcement.
Before reaching the age of one year, it is necessary to put in two doses with an intermediate that the veterinarian will indicate the Rage and the leukemia.
A year you have to reinforce trivalent feline, leukemia and rabies.
Every three years you have to reinforce the vaccines previously put.
These vaccines may vary depending on the veterinarian's decision, the health of our cat and our area where we live.
What are these vaccines? Trivalent feline serves to go against feline panleukopenia, feline calicivirosis and feline viral rhinotracheitis.
Rabies and leukemia will go a lot depending on the area where we live. In some autonomous communities of Spain rabies is mandatory for cats, in others it is advisable and in others it is voluntary.
The leukemia vaccine will be based on the cases that were registered in that year as well as the health of your cat.
The booster of vaccines every 3 years It is something that has not yet been implemented in all veterinary centers. It has been shown that vaccines last in cats for 3 years and that vaccinating every year is not necessary but as I say, it has not yet been implanted in all veterinary centers and there are still many who continue to revaccinate annually.
Revaccination every three years does not mean that the cat does not need to go to the veterinarian before, it is always good to periodically check the veterinarian, especially to control their health and not skip internal deworming.
Very delicate health cats will require or need more vaccines that I have not mentioned. Always choose a good veterinarian, have confidence in him and follow his recommendations to the letter.
When should we take it again?
After the first visit, you have to take it again every time you have to get a vaccine. The most common vaccination schedule is as follows:
- At 2 months: feline trivalent (feline panleukopenia, feline calicivirosis and feline viral rhinotracheitis).
- At 4 months: reinforcement of the trivalent feline.
- At 6 months: rabies and leukemia.
- From the year: reinforcement of trivalent feline, leukemia and rabies. These vaccines are usually given once a year.
But not only have to be vaccinated, but also whenever we suspect that he is sick or feels pain, that is, every time you show some of these symptoms:
- Loss of appetite and / or weight
- Swollen tummy
- Excessive drooling (that has suddenly appeared)
- Difficulty walking well
- Appearance of lumps or ulcers
- Trouble breathing
And, in general, any other symptoms that concern us.
To finish, too I recommend you take it if you don't want to raise it to be sterilized or punished by five or six months of age. These are surgical interventions that will prevent unwanted litters and will make the kitten live a long and happy life.