The clinical signs of thegastritisusually begin with the presence of acute vomiting (food or bile) and hyporexia. There may also be dehydration, lethargy, depression, polydipsia, blood in vomit or stool and abdominal pain. At the analytical level the inability to ingest food and liquids is reflected in the form of electrolyte imbalances, impaired acid-base balance, hypoglycemia and / or hypoproteinemia.
The acute gastritis is very commonin the dogs and in most cases it is due to the indiscriminate intake of food or objects. It can also be secondary to systemic diseases (eg pancreatitis, uremic gastritis), endoparasitosis and bacterial infection (due to Helicobacter Pylori) or viral (parvovirus).
The picture treble They are short (24-72h long) and on many occasions they resolve themselves before discovering the triggering cause. Initially the treatment will be symptomatic.: Food restriction will be carried out during the first 24 - 48 hours, offering small amounts of water by mouth that may be gradually increased as vomiting subsides. If there is no vomiting during the first 24 hours, a soft diet with highly digestible and low-fat foods (eg chicken or beef boiled with rice or suitable commercial dietary formulas) will also be started in a fractional form from which and progressively the normal diet will be reintroduced (transition in 3-5 days).
Antiemetic medications should be used to control vomiting only in the presence of prolonged or intense enough vomiting to cause dehydration or electrolyte imbalances. Pharmacological treatment contemplates the administration of gastric protectors (sucralfate), antiemetics and, in case of suspected gastric ulcus, proton pump inhibitors and H2 receptor antagonists. The The route of administration of choice is oral, but in those cases where intake is not tolerated, the treatment will be administered parenterally. with the objective in both cases of favor fluid replacement and symptomatic control.
The completion of specific diagnostic tests in case of: persistence of vomiting and systemic involvement after 48 hours of symptomatic treatment, severe dehydration, appearance of hair, presence of abnormalities before abdominal examination and the intake of foreign or toxic objects.
It is considered the diagnosis of chronic gastritis in those animals with the presence of vomiting (food or bile) intermittent or persistent for at least 7 days that cannot be attributed to food intolerances, drugs, toxins, systemic diseases, endoparasitosis, infection or neoplasia. In these cases, performing a gastric biopsy is indicated to establish a definitive diagnosis. There are several types of chronic gastritis:
- Lymphocytic / Plasmocytic or Eosinophilic: produc> In the cases of chronic gastropathy specific considerations must be taken as to thediet to follow, since it is a factor that improves the symptomatology and the quality of life of the dog: Highly digestible diets are recommended, with low antigenic load (restrictive in terms of protein and carbohydrate sources), with the contribution of hydrolyzed proteins and that favor the growth of intestinal flora.
Symptoms and treatment
The symptoms are practically the same as we can have, and they are: vomiting, diarrhea, apathy, abdominal pain, lack of appetite. Dogs are animals that remain active and that whenever they can eat, so in the event that there is a change in their routine, however small and insignificant it may seem, we have to take it immediately to the veterinarian for treatment. more appropriate as the case may be.
At home, however, we also have to make sure that:
- The dog has clean, fresh water every day, and what baby. In the case that you do not drink, you can give it with a syringe without a needle (60ml / kg), or give it ice cubes so that it licks them - if it is spring or summer.
- Since your stomach is delicate, you cannot eat anything. The most recommended is that let's prepare boneless chicken broth. In this way, we will also make sure you drink water.
- Both the trough and the trough must be cleaned every day to prevent the proliferation of harmful bacteria.